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Mobile is when the slot machine is hosted for online gambling and it is usually available for use on a phone, tablet, or other portable device.
These are often standalone mobile casino applications but are also found as part of the online casino site. By , HTML5 technology and the advancement of mobile browsers had negated the need for standalone mobile apps.
New slots are, by majority, playable on both mobile and desktop devices. Each machine has a table that lists the number of credits the player will receive if the symbols listed on the pay table line up on the pay line of the machine.
Some symbols are wild and can represent many, or all, of the other symbols to complete a winning line. Especially on older machines, the pay table is listed on the face of the machine, usually above and below the area containing the wheels.
Most video machines display the pay table when the player presses a "pay table" button or touches "pay table" on the screen; some have the pay table listed on the cabinet as well.
Historically, all slot machines used revolving mechanical reels to display and determine results. Although the original slot machine used five reels, simpler, and therefore more reliable, three reel machines quickly became the standard.
This limited the manufacturer's ability to offer large jackpots since even the rarest event had a likelihood of 0. Although the number of symbols eventually increased to about 22, allowing 10, combinations,  this still limited jackpot sizes as well as the number of possible outcomes.
In the s, however, slot machine manufacturers incorporated electronics into their products and programmed them to weight particular symbols.
Thus the odds of losing symbols appearing on the payline became disproportionate to their actual frequency on the physical reel. A symbol would only appear once on the reel displayed to the player, but could, in fact, occupy several stops on the multiple reel.
With microprocessors now ubiquitous, the computers inside modern slot machines allow manufacturers to assign a different probability to every symbol on every reel.
To the player it might appear that a winning symbol was 'so close', whereas in fact the probability is much lower.
In the s in the UK machines embodying microprocessors became common. These used a number of features to ensure the payout was controlled within the limits of the gambling legislation.
As the coin was inserted into the machine it could go one of two routes, either direct into the cashbox for the benefit of the owner, or alternatively it would go into a channel that formed the payout reservoir, the microprocessor monitoring the number of coins in this channel.
The drums themselves were driven by stepper motors, controlled by the processor and with proximity sensors monitoring the position of the drums.
A "look up table" within the software allows the processor to know what symbols were being displayed on the drums to the gambler. This allowed the system to control the level of payout by stopping the drums at positions it had determined.
If the payout channel had filled up, the payout became more generous, if nearly empty, less so thus giving good control of the odds. The video slot machine is a more recent innovation, with no moving parts at all — instead a graphical representation of one appears on screen.
In addition, because there are no mechanical constraints on the design of video slot machines, most display five reels rather than three.
This greatly expands the number of possibilities: As there are so many combinations given by five reels, the manufacturers do not need to weight the payout symbols although some may still do so.
Instead, higher paying symbols will typically appear only once or twice on each reel, while more common symbols, earning a more frequent payout, will appear many times.
Video slot machines typically encourage the player to play multiple "lines", so rather than simply taking the middle of the three symbols displayed on each reel, a line could go from top left to bottom right, or any of the other patterns specified by the manufacturer.
As each symbol is equally likely, there is no difficulty for the manufacturer in allowing the player to take any or all of the possible lines on offer — the long-term return to player will be the same.
The difference for the player is that the more lines he plays the more likely he is to get paid on a given spin — though of course he is betting more in the first place.
To avoid the feeling that the player's money is simply ebbing away whereas a payout of credits on a single line machine would be bets, and the player would feel they had made a substantial win, on a 20 line machine, it would only be 5 bets and would not seem significant , manufacturers commonly offer bonus games, which can return many times their bet.
The player is encouraged to keep playing to reach the bonus: All modern machines are designed using pseudo random number generators "PRNGs" , which are constantly generating a sequence of simulated random numbers, at a rate of hundreds or perhaps thousands per second.
As soon as the "Play" button is pressed, the most recent random number is used to determine the result. This means that the result varies depending on exactly when the game is played.
A fraction of a second earlier or later, and the result would be different. It is important that the machine contains a high-quality RNG implementation, because all PRNGs must eventually repeat their number sequence,  and if the period is short, or the PRNG is otherwise flawed, an advanced player may be able to 'predict' the next result.
Having access to the PRNG code and seed values, Ronald Dale Harris , a former slot machine programmer, discovered equations for specific gambling games like Keno that allowed him to predict what the next set of selected numbers would be based on the previous games played.
Most machines are designed to defeat this by generating numbers even when the machine is not being played, so the player cannot tell where in the sequence they are, even if they know how the machine was programmed.
This is known as the "theoretical payout percentage" or RTP, "return to player". The minimum theoretical payout percentage varies among jurisdictions and is typically established by law or regulation.
The winning patterns on slot machines — the amounts they pay and the frequencies of those payouts — are carefully selected to yield a certain fraction of the money played to the "house" the operator of the slot machine , while returning the rest to the players during play.
Within some EGM development organizations this concept is referred to simply as "par. A slot machine's theoretical payout percentage is set at the factory when the software is written.
Changing the payout percentage after a slot machine has been placed on the gaming floor requires a physical swap of the software or firmware , which is usually stored on an EPROM but may be loaded onto non-volatile random access memory NVRAM or even stored on CD-ROM or DVD , depending on the capabilities of the machine and the applicable regulations.
Based on current technology, this is a time-consuming process and as such is done infrequently. Other jurisdictions, including Nevada, randomly audit slot machines to ensure that they contain only approved software.
Historically, many casinos, both online and offline, have been unwilling to publish individual game RTP figures, making it impossible for the player to know whether they are playing a "loose" or a "tight" game.
Since the turn of the century some information regarding these figures has started to come into the public domain either through various casinos releasing them—primarily this applies to online casinos—or through studies by independent gambling authorities.
The return to player is not the only statistic that is of interest. The probabilities of every payout on the pay table is also critical.
For example, consider a hypothetical slot machine with a dozen different values on the pay table. However, the probabilities of getting all the payouts are zero except the largest one.
Also, most people would not win anything, and having entries on the paytable that have a return of zero would be deceptive. As these individual probabilities are closely guarded secrets, it is possible that the advertised machines with high return to player simply increase the probabilities of these jackpots.
The added advantage is that these large jackpots increase the excitement of the other players. This game, in its original form, is obsolete, so these specific probabilities do not apply.
He only published the odds after a fan of his sent him some information provided on a slot machine that was posted on a machine in the Netherlands.
The psychology of the machine design is quickly revealed. There are 13 possible payouts ranging from 1: Most players assume the likelihood increases proportionate to the payout.
The one midsize payout that is designed to give the player a thrill is the It is programmed to occur an average of once every plays. In contrast the The highest payout of 2, The player who continues to feed the machine is likely to have several midsize payouts, but unlikely to have a large payout.
He quits after he is bored or has exhausted his bankroll. Despite the fact that they are confidential, occasionally a PAR sheet is posted on a website.
They have limited value to the player, because usually a machine will have 8 to 12 different possible programs with varying payouts.
In addition, slight variations of each machine e. The casino operator can choose which EPROM chip to install in any particular machine to select the payout desired.
The result is that there is not really such a thing as a high payback type of machine, since every machine potentially has multiple settings.
Without revealing the proprietary information, he developed a program that would allow him to determine with usually less than a dozen plays on each machine which EPROM chip was installed.
Then he did a survey of over machines in 70 different casinos in Las Vegas. He averaged the data, and assigned an average payback percentage to the machines in each casino.
The resultant list was widely publicized for marketing purposes especially by the Palms casino which had the top ranking. One reason that the slot machine is so profitable to a casino is that the player must play the high house edge and high payout wagers along with the low house edge and low payout wagers.
Other bets have a higher house edge, but the player is rewarded with a bigger win up to thirty times in craps. The player can choose what kind of wager he wants to make.
A slot machine does not afford such an opportunity. Theoretically, the operator could make these probabilities available, or allow the player to choose which one so that the player is free to make a choice.
However, no operator has ever enacted this strategy. Different machines have different maximum payouts, but without knowing the odds of getting the jackpot, there is no rational way to differentiate.
In many markets where central monitoring and control systems are used to link machines for auditing and security purposes, usually in wide area networks of multiple venues and thousands of machines, player return must usually be changed from a central computer rather than at each machine.
A range of percentages is set in the game software and selected remotely. In , the Nevada Gaming Commission began working with Las Vegas casinos on technology that would allow the casino's management to change the game, the odds, and the payouts remotely.
The change cannot be done instantaneously, but only after the selected machine has been idle for at least four minutes.
After the change is made, the machine must be locked to new players for four minutes and display an on-screen message informing potential players that a change is being made.
Often machines are linked together in a way that allows a group of machines to offer a particularly large prize, or "jackpot".
Each slot machine in the group contributes a small amount to this progressive jackpot , awarded to a player who gets, for example, a royal flush on a video poker machine or a specific combination of symbols on a regular or nine-line slot machine.
The amount paid for the progressive jackpot is usually far higher than any single slot machine could pay on its own. In some cases multiple machines are linked across multiple casinos.
In these cases, the machines may be owned by the manufacturer, who is responsible for paying the jackpot. The casinos lease the machines rather than owning them outright.
Casinos in New Jersey, Nevada, and South Dakota now offer multi-state progressive jackpots, which now offer bigger jackpot pools.
Mechanical slot machines and their coin acceptors were sometimes susceptible to cheating devices and other scams. One historical example involved spinning a coin with a short length of plastic wire.
The weight and size of the coin would be accepted by the machine and credits would be granted. However, the spin created by the plastic wire would cause the coin to exit through the reject chute into the payout tray.
This particular scam has become obsolete due to improvements in newer slot machines. Another obsolete method of defeating slot machines was to use a light source to confuse the optical sensor used to count coins during payout.
Modern slot machines are controlled by EPROM computer chips and, in large casinos, coin acceptors have become obsolete in favor of bill acceptors.
These machines and their bill acceptors are designed with advanced anti-cheating and anti-counterfeiting measures and are difficult to defraud.
Early computerized slot machines were sometimes defrauded through the use of cheating devices, such as the "slider" or "monkey paw". Computerized slot machines are fully deterministic and thus outcomes can be sometimes successfully predicted.
Malfunctioning electronic slot machines are capable of indicating jackpot winnings far in excess of those advertised.
In the United States, the public and private availability of slot machines is highly regulated by state governments.
Many states have established gaming control boards to regulate the possession and use of slot machines. Nevada is the only state that has no significant restrictions against slot machines both for public and private use.
In New Jersey , slot machines are only allowed in hotel casinos operated in Atlantic City. Several states Illinois , Indiana , Louisiana and Missouri allow slot machines as well as any casino-style gambling only on licensed riverboats or permanently anchored barges.
Since Hurricane Katrina , Mississippi has removed the requirement that casinos on the Gulf Coast operate on barges and now allows them on land along the shoreline.
Delaware allows slot machines at three horse tracks; they are regulated by the state lottery commission. In Wisconsin, bars and taverns are allowed to have up to five machines.
These machines usually allow a player to either take a payout, or gamble it on a double-or-nothing "side game".
A player redeems his winnings by pressing a button to print a ticket, which the bartender redeems for cash.
The territory of Puerto Rico places significant restrictions on slot machine ownership, but the law is widely flouted and slot machines are common in bars and coffeeshops.
Conversely, in Connecticut , Hawaii , Nebraska , South Carolina , and Tennessee , private ownership of any slot machine is completely prohibited.
The remaining states allow slot machines of a certain age typically 25—30 years or slot machines manufactured before a specific date.
For a detailed list of state-by-state regulations on private slot machine ownership, see U. Native American casinos located in reservations are not permitted to have slot machines unless the tribe first reaches a pact with the state in which it is located per Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.
Typically, a pact entitles the state to receive a fraction of the gross revenue from slot machines. Some states have restrictions on the type called "class" of slot machines that can be used in a casino or other gaming area.
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act establishes three classes of games with a different regulatory scheme for each: Class I gaming is defined as 1 traditional Indian gaming, which may be part of tribal ceremonies and celebrations, and 2 social gaming for minimal prizes.
Regulatory authority over class I gaming is vested exclusively in tribal governments and is not subject to IGRA's requirements. Class II gaming is defined as the game of chance commonly known as bingo whether or not electronic, computer, or other technological aids are used in connection therewith and, if played in the same location as the bingo , pull tabs, punch board, tip jars, instant bingo, and other games similar to bingo.
Class II gaming also includes non-banked card games , that is, games that are played exclusively against other players rather than against the house or a player acting as a bank.
The Act specifically excludes slot machines or electronic facsimiles of any game of chance from the definition of class II games.
Tribes retain their authority to conduct, license, and regulate class II gaming, provided it complies with the Act - including the requirement that the Tribal government adopt a gaming ordinance approved by the National Indian Gaming Commission NIGC.
Tribal governments are the primary entity responsible for regulating class II gaming on its lands. Only Hawaii and Utah continue to prohibit all types of gaming.
The definition of class III gaming is broad. It includes all forms of gaming that are neither class I nor II. Games commonly played at casinos , such as slot machines , blackjack , craps , and roulette , clearly fall in the class III category, as well as wagering games and electronic facsimiles of any game of chance.
Generally, class III is often referred to as casino-style gaming. The regulatory scheme for class III gaming is more complex than a casual reading of the statute might suggest.
Although Congress clearly intended regulatory issues to be addressed in Tribal-State compacts , it left a number of key functions in federal hands, including approval authority over compacts, management contracts, and Tribal gaming ordinances.
Congress also vested the Commission with broad authority to issue regulations in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. Many American casinos offer free memberships in "slot clubs", which return a fraction of the amount of money that is bet in the form of comps complimentary food, drinks, hotel rooms, or merchandise , or sometimes as cash or a promise to pay cash at a later date.
These clubs require that players use cards that are inserted into the slot machines, to allow the casinos to track the players' "action" how much each player bets and for how long , which is often used to establish levels of play that may make players eligible for additional comps.
And thanks to visionary inventors, rapidly advancing technology, and forward-looking casino gamblers, it doesn't look like things are going to slow down any time soon.
Read on for a quick look at the history of slot machines - from simple fruit machines to modern million dollar jackpots!
Throughout the mid's, there were a few automatic gambling machines, but based on what we now consider to be a slot machine, the first one was invented by Charles Fey in San Francisco in He wanted to make the machine based on poker but, with 52 cards per reel and so many winning combinations i.
Instead, he dumbed it down and the Liberty Bell machine was born. With three reels and five now-iconic symbols bells, horseshoes, diamonds, etc.
The overwhelming orders kept Fey's shop running around the clock and he found a new talent - not as an inventor, but as a businessman.
Fey became rich and his original Liberty Bell slots machine is still on display in the Nevada State Museum. With the obvious business opportunities, inventors began to compete with new slots machine designs, styles, payout structures, etc.
These games spread like wildfire and, while they were originally designed for casual gamblers while the real men played table games, by the 's, slots had become technically advanced and their revenues finally beat out traditional games.
From there on out, the sky was the limit! In , Bally Manufacturing took a quantum leap with slots gambling when they invented the first electromechanical version: It could finally pay big jackpots automatically, and it was much more technologically advanced than anything that came before it.
Most notably, this is also the birth place of the electric lights and noises that accompany all modern slots machines.
Then, over a decade later, Fortune Coin Co. These machines finally let players use bills instead of coins, which was a huge logistical step in the right direction, and they also made serious bonus features possible for the first time in slots history.
These machines are the forefathers of all of the machines that you see in casinos today, and their software inspired the earliest online casinos.
They are powered by digital RNG software, the bonuses are big and loud and cashless technology has opened the way for fast, easy bets and payouts.
The biggest modern revolution, though, has to do with the online slots casinos that started popping up all over the place in the 90's. Today, there are over 2, online slots casinos and their lower operating costs give them a real edge when competing with land casinos.
Playing at online casinos you will be able to try out all of them. Moreover, choose online casino to gamble at, you will find a lot of different slots variations and even will be able to try out some of them, playing instant game version, which is completely free and does not require downloading!
Use modern technologies to enjoy the best casino games at the comfort of your home! Random number generator Random number generator is the heart of the slot machine at all land and online slots machines.
With its help it is impossible to predict the outcome of the spin. Still, there is a safe way to play slots, as you can get money back with best slot machines.
Modern Slots Terminology Slots admirers must get acquainted with the modern slot terms in order to be able make head or tail of what they are actually participating.
Regional slots variations Each country is unique regarding the slots variants. You have an opportunity to get acquainted with the most widely used slots at any casino online!
Do not skip a chance learn more about the slots famous symbol that became the national American heritage. Foundation First slots game was a real highlight in the history of gambling.
You have a chance to dive into the unforgettable online slots history moments with us! The evolution of slots Prior to the world slots recognition they passed through the several evolution stages.
All of them influenced the game to some extent and made it the way it is nowadays. Do not forget to get familiarized with the first slots online model!
First slots Charles Fey - Father of Slots. Charles Fey - Father of Slots. Online casino slots Slots types.
In , an anti-slot movement began to take place and slot machines were being banned in different states.
Politicians were said to use this movement for elections. This time period was definitely a downtime for the slots and people doubted that would ever be popular again.
The history of slots was thought to be just that, history. The history of slots however did not fizzle. The women did not consider this a luxury pastime and took the slots very seriously, thus making the history of slots popular amongst women.
Electric bells, hoppers and a variety of slot machines were now located in casinos everywhere and it was not just women playing.
Pulling the lever and microchips furthered slots. Players found it much harder to cheat. Slots continued to move forward as technology did and the machines are top-of-the-line and a must-have in all casinos.
Now, you can play online and have just as many to choose from. Online gaming is just as popular as casinos, if not more popular. The history of slots has definitely made a statement in gambling and is sure to continue that process.
The History of Slot Machines. How it All Started The first slots consisted of five drums that displayed poker hands. Slots Gain Popularity In , an anti-slot movement began to take place and slot machines were being banned in different states.
The store owner would give him his cigars, and then the winner would sell the cigars back to the store owner for cash. The early machines, designed with pulleys and gears, could be beaten with relative ease by crafty thieves who knew how to manipulate the handles.
In , Mills varied the Liberty Bell by equipping it with a gooseneck coin entry and introduced the fruit symbols now so automatically associated with slots.
These cast iron babies weighed about pounds and were not cheap to produce; Mills therefore switched to less expensive wood cabinetry in Charles Fey remained active in the business until close to the time of his death in , though he never again achieved the dominance in the field which he enjoyed in his earlier days.
Nevertheless, there is one memorial plaque in his honor on the site of his Market Street factory and another in his native town of Vohringen, Germany.
Continuing now with the history of the Mills Novelty Company: The name Bugsy Siegel looms large in the further history of slots.
She had 8 reels with 20 symbols each, meaning that the odds for hitting the jackpot were 1 in The record stood for some time but has since been bested.
The rise of computer culture led to a revolution in the design of slots. While the old machines had actual reels which spun to determine the outcome, the computerized machines can have any number of symbols on any number of reels; which symbols are displayed is determined by a random number generator which is constantly selecting number series that correspond to the different symbols on the various reels.
When a player pulls the handle, the random number generator tells the computer program which symbols should appear.
The visible spinning of the reels has entertainment value but has nothing to do with which symbols will appear. Among contemporary slot machines there are two basic types; flat tops and progressives.
They differ in how they pay out; a flat top slot has the predetermined payouts for given combinations printed somewhere on the machine while progressive slots feature a jackpot which grows by a percentage of each coin played.
Frequently, a number of progressive slots feed into a single jackpot where any slot in the group can win. Progressive slots often have digital readouts advertising the current jackpot total.
There are, furthermore, slot machines which accept more than one coin at a time and pay out better than single coin machines as well as slots with multiple paylines.
In North America today there are an estimated , slot machines.